Basse-Terre (in Creole: Bastè) is a French city, located in the department of Guadeloupe on the coast under the wind of the island of which it constitutes the chief town. The main administrative center of the island, Basse-Terre houses the prefecture, the regional council, the general council, the diocese of Guadeloupe, the courthouse and the court of appeal of the archipelago. It is one of the city centers of an agglomeration of more than 51,000 inhabitants - the so-called Lower Terrien - s, the urban unit of Basse-Terre.
Founded by Governor Charles Houël in 1650 as a stronghold for commerce, the town was developed by the religious orders of the Capuchins throughout the 17th and 18th centuries and then by the establishment of Fort Saint-Charles, All the south of the island and the port of Basse-Terre. Little by little, the city became the administrative and economic center of the island in the nineteenth century, but affected by a series of destructive cyclones (including that of 1928) and under the threat of La Soufrière, it lost this status for the benefit of development Of Pointe-à-Pitre in the second half of the 20th century, while maintaining a number of historical prerogatives in the field of judiciary and administration.