The waterfalls and rivers of Guadeloupe offer an abundance of vivifying freshness and exuberance. Surprisingly lush “Island of beautiful waters”, Guadeloupe with abundant rains throughout the year, feeds a network of rivers from Basse Terre like waterfalls and basins that dash on fiery slopes in successive stages. From the water falls of the carbet to the water falls of the crayfish along the way of the jump of the crack, are some true windows opened on to the sky. The island of Guadeloupe offers to whom that pierces its secrets full of unforgettable torrents of emotions.
While searching the different areas around the forest a little bit, you will find that there are many other water points, rivers, waterfalls or hot springs to discover … In the heart of the rain forests and “savannas” at an altitude of about 180 meters above sea level at the top of the Soufriere are the two species of hemicode endemic of Basse-Terre, the hylode of Barlagne and the hylode of Pinchon. A host of insects also live near ponds and rivers: Trichoptera, Ephemera, beetles, dragonflies … Of the 39 dragonfly species recorded so far, five are subservient to the rivers of Basse-Terre.
Thanks to its natural abundance, and because of its role in transporting organic and mineral elements to the sea, river water is at the root of the richness of freshwater and mangrove ecosystems. Most of the island of Guadeloupe rivers are born in the heart of the National Park and the species that live there migrate upstream to the mouth of rivers during their lifetime. But it is mainly at the level of the mouths, and on the downstream zones of the rivers that their juvenile phases take place.
Outside the heart of the Park, on the low to middle parts of rivers, the anthropic pressure remains particularly important (water withdrawals, dams, pollution’s …). Thus, in 2005, a monitoring network based on 12 stations spread over Basse-Terre was created by the National Park, in order to verify whether there was an alteration of the aquatic populations of the watercourses of the park, or in its immediate vicinity to preserve their ecological functioning.
Due to a difference in altitude of 1000 meters over 10 to 15 kilometers, the slopes are steep, and wild rapids are created in the river systems after a heavy rain fall and sometimes, especially during hurricane season. Downstream watersheds, usually inhabited, correspond to the deposit zones of materials reinforcing the risks of overflow. Only the Grand River Goyave, developing over 40 km, has a watershed of about 150 km2. Its tributaries have the characteristics of the watersheds described previously. Conversely, the downstream part meanders on a slight slope for 25 kilometers to a mangrove before finishing into the sea, in the Grand Cul-de-Sac Marine.
This is one of the best places to to canyoning and mountain hiking. There are a lot of different trails that can lead you to different parts of the rain forest with amazing canyons and small creeks that were once inhabited by native Indians. This is where you can meet the real Guadeloupe with all it’s ruggedness and authenticity. Going on one of the many adventures that are available for you to do on this part of the island of Guadeloupe it is well worth it to go out there and give yourself and adventure that you will not be ready to forget.