The History Of Rum Bologne
The Bologne distillery has kept the name of the owners of the sugar factory of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It was a family of Protestants, named De Bologne, who was originally from Dauphine and who emigrated to the Netherlands in the sixteenth century and then became Dutch. Some members of the family settled in Brazil between 1580 and 1654. At that time, the Portuguese and Spanish crowns had merged in favor of the Emperor of Spain who neglected Brazil. De Bologne established sugar factories there and prospered in cane growing and the sugar and rum trade in the direction of Europe and the North-West.
But in 1640, Portugal again became independent wanted to recover its lost colonial territories and, with the help of the Brazilians, declared war on the Dutch. The latter were defeated, they had to capitulate and leave. A fleet of several ships, after an unsuccessful installation attempt in Martinique, arrived in Guadeloupe at the beginning of the year 1654. There were 1200 refugees on board. The royal regulations forbade the installation of Protestants in the French colonies. This is what had forced Du Parquet, governor of Martinique, to repel them. Charles Houel, governor of Guadeloupe, ignored it and welcomed them with open arms. Among them was the De Bologne family. The capitulation articles signed with the Brazilians had allowed them to keep their gold, their money and the supply of their sweets. They therefore had the financial and human resources to resume their agro-industrial and commercial activities.
The house-candy (local term meaning a plantation focused on the cultivation of sugar cane), following financial difficulties due to revolutionary events and then the breakdown of sugar, passed into the hands of different owners.
It is May 26, 1830 that Jean-Antoine Ame-Noel became acquirer of the candy. This man born in Bouillante, was a character out of the ordinary. Before him, no man of color had become the owner of a sugar refinery as important as that of Bologne, which was almost 114 hectares. The definitive abolition of slavery in 1848, despite his attempts to organize free work on housing, made him enter into serious economic difficulties.
He died in 1850 and you can see his tomb in the small garden next to the distillery. His nephew, François-Joseph Ame-Noël succeeded him as sole legatee and, despite his efforts, the situation of the sugar refinery deteriorated. It was sold at auction in 1873 to the company Le Dentu et Cie, which created a sugar factory.
The formation of this company, the Sucre Plant of the Basse-Terre, marked a turning point in the evolution of the sugar industry. It was a real “central”, intended to treat the rods of the surrounding dwellings, but since it had taken the following of debts, it could not in turn, regulate the annuities, also, the domain was fragmented and sold Lot auction in 1887. The house Bologna was awarded April 19, 1887 to Louis Henri de Pombiray, who rebuilt a production tool focused on the plant and developed rum production. At his death, he bequeathed the house to his nephews and nieces Lacour.
On November 3, 1930, Mr. Louis Sargenton-Callard bought the house Bologne to Mr. and Mrs. Bernadin Lacour, heirs of precedents. He reconstructed the original estate by buying La Coulisse and Beauvallon dwellings and specialized in the production of “white” agricultural rum.
Agricultural rum Bologne is distilled from the pure sugar cane juice harvested on the estate. Located in the communes of Saint-Claude and Basse-Terre, between Soufriere volcano and Caribbean Sea, the domain is composed of more than 40 parcels, facing west, which descend gently from the mountain to the sea. Red cane and black cane share the plots, but it is the black cane that is most present on the estate. This very old variety, replaced in all planters for more productive varieties, continues to be exploited on the Bologne estate for its aromatic qualities.
Volcanic soil, cane varieties and pure water filtered by the volcanic rocks of the mountain are the bases of the Bologna agricultural rum.
Several agricultural rums are produced on the estate:
40 ° white rums (the SILVER), 50 ° and 55 °
a premium white rum – the Black Cane from the distillation of the pure juice of the black canes harvested on the Domaine1
a high rum under wood of 40 ° (the GOLD)
several old rums – VS (3 years old); the VO (assembly of 3 to 6 years), the VSOP (assembly of 4 to 8 years), the XO (assembly of 6 to 10 years). These old rums are raised in the cellars of the estate.